Hochschule Düsseldorf
University of Applied Sciences
Fachbereich Maschinenbau & Verfahrenstechnik
Faculty of Mechanical and Process Engineering


Methanol Synthesis with Steel-Mill Gases: Simulation and Practical Testing of Selected Gas Utilization Scenarios, K. Girod, H. Lohmann, S. Schlüter, S. Kaluza, Processes 2020, 8, 1673.

Catalytic Oxygen Removal from Synthetic Coke Oven Gas: A Comparison of Sulfided CoMo/g-Al2O3 and NiMo/g-Al2O3 Catalysts with Pt/g-Al2O3 as Benchmark Catalyst, T. Wiesmann, S.Y. Suh, S. Kaluza, H. Lohmann, B. Zeidler-Fandrich, Chem. Ing. Techn. 2020, 92, 1533-1541.


On the role of cobalt carbidization in higher alcohol synthesis over hydrotalcite-based Co-Cu catalysts, J. Nebel, S. Schmidt, Q. Pan, K. Lotz, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, Chin. J. Catal. 2019, 40, 1731-1740.

​Steel Mills as Syngas Source for Methanol Synthesis: Simulation and Practical Performance Investigations, K. Girod, K. Breitkreuz, T. Hennig, H. Lohmann, S. Kaluza, S. Schlüter, CEt 2019, 74, 475-480.​


​Recent Developments in the Conversion of Synthesis Gas to Short-Chain Alcohols over Cu-Co-Based Catalysts, S. Schmidt, C. Göbel, J. Nebel, T. Wiesmann, C. Hamel, A. Reinsdorf, D. Wolf, S. Gehrmann, N. Tenhumberg, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza, Chem. Ing. Techn. 2018, 90, 1465-1475.

Techniques to Remove Traces of Oxygen by Catalytic Conversion from Gas Mixtures, T. Wiesmann, C. Hamel, S. Kaluza, Chem. Ing. Techn. 2018, 90, 1419-1429.

Methanol Synthesis from Steel Mill Exhaust Gases: Challenges for the Industrial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 Catalyst, J. Schittkowski, H. Ruland, D. Laudenschleger, K. Girod, K. Kähler, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, R. Schlögl, Chem. Ing. Tech. 2018, 90, 690-695.

Heterogen katalysierte Synthesegas-Konversion in praxisnahen Slurry- und Festbett-Reaktorsystemen, K. Girod, K. Breitkreuz, A. Gerstner, T. Marzi, T. Schulzke, S. Kaluza, Chem. Ing. Tech. 2018, 90, 690-695.



Simple Methods for the Preparation of Non-noble Metal Bulk-Electrodes for Electrocatalytic Applications, K. junge Puring, S. Piontek, M. Smialkowski, J. Burfeind, S. Kaluza, C. Doetsch, U.-P. Apfel, J. Vis. Exp. 2017, 124, e56087.

German Catalysis Meeting – 50 Years and as Young as Ever, R. Engel, S. Kaluza, M. Özaslan, ChemCatChem 2017, 9, 2018-2020.

Upgrading of Pyrolysis Condensates via Esterification with Higher Alcohols, T. Schulzke, S. Conrad, T. Van Loo, S. Kaluza, Biomass & Bioenergy 2017, 103, 11-20.



Controlling the Photocorrosion of Zinc Sulfide Nanoparticles in Water by Doping with Chloride and Cobalt Ions, P. Weide, K. Schulz, S. Kaluza, M. Rohe, R. Beranek, M. Muhler, Langmuir 2016, 32, 12641-12649.

CO hydrogenation to higher alcohols over Cu-Co-based catalysts derived from hydrotalcite-type precursors, J. Anton, J. Nebel, C. Göbel, T. Gabrysch, H. Song, C. Froese, H. Ruland, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza; Top. Catal. 2016, 59, 1361-1370.

The effect of sodium on the structure-activity relationships of cobalt-modified Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts applied in the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide to higher alcohols, J. Anton, J. Nebel, H. Song, C. Froese, P. Weide, H. Ruland, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza, J. Catal., 2016, 335, 175-186.



Structure-activity relationships of Co-modified Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts applied in the synthesis of higher alcohols from synthesis gas, J. Anton, J. Nebel, H. Song, C. Froese, P. Weide, H. Ruland, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza, Appl. Catal. A: Gen. 2015, 505, 326.

Wissenschaft trifft Kohlenpott – Forschen und Leben im Ruhrgebiet, S. Kaluza et al. (Hrsg.), Klartext Verlag, 2015.

Katalysatorentwicklung für eine erfolgreiche Energie- und Rohstoffwende, S. Kaluza, In: Stiftung Werner-von-Siemens-Ring (ed.) Faszination Technik- und Naturwissenschaften – Ausgezeichnete Forschungsbeiträge 2013, VDE Verlag GmbH, 2015.

Fast and Reproducible Testing of Cu–Co-Based Catalysts Applied in the Conversion of Synthesis Gas to Ethanol and Higher Alcohols, J. Anton, H. Ruland, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, Catal. Lett. 2015, 145, 1374.

Metal–support interactions in surface-modified Cu–Co catalysts applied in higher alcohol synthesis, A. Bordoloi, J. Anton, H. Ruland, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza, Catal. Sci. Technol. 2015, 5, 3603.

Weimar 2015: Catalysing Tomorrow’s Solutions, B. Engeldahl, M. Özaslan, R. Marschall, M. Rose, S. Kaluza, J. Titus, C. Sprung, ChemCatChem 2015, 7, 1794.



Syngas to Methanol and Ethanol, M. Muhler, S. Kaluza, In: J. Sa (ed.) Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis, CRC Press, 2014.

Catalytic Behaviour of Mesoporous Cobalt-Aluminum Oxides for CO Oxidation, A. Bordoloi, M. Sanchez, H. Noei, S. Kaluza, D. Großmann, Y. Wang, W. Grünert, M. Muhler, Journal of Catalysts 2014, 807545/1.

German Catalysis on an International Scale in Weimar, J. Titus, S. Kaluza, R. Marschall, ChemCatChem 2014, 6, 1523.



​Selective oxidation of ethanol in the liquid phase over Au/TiO2, D. Heeskens, P. Aghaei, S. Kaluza, J. Strunk, M. Muhler, Phys. Status Solidi B, special issue: Metal-Substrate Interactions in Heterogeneous Catalysis 2013, 250, 1107.

Gezielte Suche nach dem besten Katalysatorsystem, S. Kaluza, CHEManager 1-2/2013.



Detailed kinetic modeling of methanol synthesis over ternary copper catalyst, M. Peter, M.B. Fichtl. H. Ruland, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, O. Hinrichsen, Chem. Eng. J. 2012, 203, 480.

Synthesis of high surface area ZnO powder by continuous precipitation, I. Boz, M.S. Boroglu, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, Mater. Res. Bull. 2012, 47, 1185.



Catalysts and procedures for their production, P. Kurr, S. Kaluza, M. Hieke, B. Kniep, M. Muhler, R. Fischer, DE 102010021792, 2011.

The synthesis of Nb-doped TiO2 nanoparticles by spray drying: an efficient and scalable method, B. Mei, M.D. Sánchez, T. Reinecke, S. Kaluza, W. Xia, M. Muhler, J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 11781.

A novel synthesis route for Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts used in methanol synthesis: combining continuous consecutive precipitation with continuous aging of the precipitate, S. Kaluza, M. Behrens, N. Schiefenhoevel, B. Kniep, R. Fischer; R. Schloegl, M. Muhler, ChemCatChem. 2011, 3, 189.



A novel continuous approach for the synthesis and characterization of pure and mixed metal oxide systems applied in heterogeneous catalysis, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis 2010, 175 (Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts), 217.



On the precipitation mechanism and the role of the post-precipitation steps during the synthesis of binary ZnO-Al2O3 composites with high specific surface area, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 3914.

On the Role of Aging, Washing, and Drying in the Synthesis of Polycrystalline Zinc Oxide by Precipitation: Combining Fast Continuous Mixing, Spray Drying and Freeze Drying to Unravel the Solid-State Transformations of the Precipitate, S. Kaluza, M. Muhler, Catal. Lett. 2009, 113, 14302.



High surface area ZnO nanoparticles via a novel continuous precipitation route, S. Kaluza, M.K. Schröter, R. Naumann d'Alnoncourt, T. Reinecke, M. Muhler, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2008, 129, 287.